Category Archives: Science

The Creation of the Universe – Allahyarham Bro. Muhammad Al’Mahdi

Part of the Weekend Class series of eight lectures by Bro. Muhammad Al’Mahdi at the Khalifah Institute in 2004.
Read about the speaker:

Part 1:

Watch also:
Islamic Solution to the World”s Problem (Part 1):
Islamic Solution to the World”s Problem (Part 2):
Scientific Proof to the Existence of God (Part 1) –
Scientific Proof to the Existence of God (Part 2) –
The Creation of the Universe (Part 1) –
The Creation of the Universe (Part 2) –
The Creation of the Universe (Part 3) –
The Laws of Learning (Part1) –
The Laws of Learning (Part2) –
The Laws of Learning (Part3) –


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The Scientific Proof to the Existence of God – Muhammad Al’Mahdi

Video recording of the talk given by Allahyarham Bro. Muhammad Al’Mahdi at the Khalifah Institute in 2004.

Part 1:

Part 2:

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Islamic Psychology

Understanding the development of the human personality and soul
This is a truly Islamic Psychology which could be derived from revelation in the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) even if western psychology had never come to exist.

Download video:

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 

Article on Learning-based Personality Theory 

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The Unified Theory of Existence

Prof. Dr. Muhammad al' Mahdi
Child/Clinical Psychologist

Introduction (abridged)

In the 1960's in the United States I set out on a search for Truth. This was to be no quest to fill some missing spiritual vacuum; I had already firmly determined that God did not exist. Not only did I not believe in God, but I was convinced that all logic, reason, and scientific evidence confirmed that God did not exist; and, that for anyone to believe in the existence of God was such an outdated, superstitious way of life that it would hold them back from fulfilling their human potential and would likewise block the human race from achieving its ultimate destiny. So certain was I that I once stated, establishing the highest authenticity of my atheistic credentials when I was lecturing to a large class of about 500 introductory psychology students that, "If there was ever going to be the last person on Earth who didn't believe in God it would be me".

My search for truth included almost fourteen years as a full time university student and resulted in my going through three and a half PhD programs in child, clinical, experimental, and educational psychology. I had originally intended, and began, my studies in the physical sciences. This allowed me, due to previous training in nuclear electronics, to spend four years as a research assistant in one of the foremost theoretical physics laboratories of that time, where I had the opportunity to meet and discuss the most basic nature of our physical universe with several recipients of the Nobel Prize in Physics…

…I still remember thinking, "If I could use the Laws of Learning to teach an animal with as little intelligence as a chicken to do that quite complex task so quickly, why couldn't those same Laws of Learning be used to help children grow up to be good and decent human beings?" This was the beginning that led me years later, during my third PhD program, to come up with the hypothesis that, "If you were to give to any individual or social group just two things, a positive, accurate, and motivational world view, plus a good understanding of the Laws of Learning by which all human characteristics are developed, then that individual or social group would move naturally and inevitably toward everything good and right."…

…I remember well the day that I finally had to concede that if I wanted to be fair and objective as a scientist I would have to accept that due to the findings of modern physics, particularly Einstein's Theories of Relativity, I could no longer deny the existence of God. I had to accept that modern science and logic now offered powerful proof of the existence of God. And, I remember equally well my first two words to myself when I realized I now had to accept the existence of God as a reality. This is very revealing as to my character at the time, but those two words were, "Oh no!" I understood immediately that my life would have to change drastically, since knowing that God existed also meant having an obligation to live according to the Will of God rather that feeling free to succumb to the whims of human desire.

Read The Unified Theory of Existence here


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Q & A: Intelligent Design


What is the significance of the intelligent design theory? How different is it from philosophical teleology which had been introduced ever since Plato?

Answer (by Man in Black):

Although many do not like to admit it, Intelligent Design is a very convincing logical proof for the existence of God. In some ways it is an updated version of now discredited Christian "Creation Science" from the 1950's and 1960's. The main problem with Creation Science was that it didn't contain any real science. Today we have increasingly sophisticated evidence from the hard sciences, particularly modern physics, that undoubtedly point toward the high probability of God actually existing. This new scientific knowledge, and the necessary logical implications of that knowledge, form the basis of Intelligent Design. It used to be a philosophically naive position to hold a belief in the existence of God, it is fast becoming the reality that the philosophically naive position is to hold the belief that God does not exist. We are clearly headed toward a God centered, spiritual world.

Philosophers even further back than Plato had observed the general logical basis that supports Intelligent Design, the problem was that until the last forty years or so years the knowledge base of the world was not sufficient to prove that logical basis was predicated on an objective and accurate observation of our reality.

The philosophy of science itself has excluded the role of a God being involved with the natural phenomena of the physical existence. Scientists are fond of saying, "We don't have to deal with God because even if God did exist He is outside the limits of the empirically (objectively) observable existence, and science only deals with what can be empirically observed. This is an outdated concept now that science includes Einstein's Theory of Relativity.
Both Einstein's Special and General Theory of Relativity take the scope of acceptable scientific inquiry outside the realm of the physical existence into the non-physical world. It would not be unfair to refer to this non-physical existence as the 'spiritual world'. This means there is no need to change the philosophy of science, since the philosophy of science did not define the limits of what 'can' be observed by science, it only required that the observation be empirical to be part of science. We can now empirically observe the spiritual world. So far the door has only been opened a tiny crack but much more empirical knowledge of the spiritual world will surely become available soon. Truth is not different than a mature science

I did mean the world of no volume of space, no time, but also no matter. From this I only concluded that God, who is expected to be occupying no volume of space, outside the range of time, and non-material, is now within the scope of the acceptable parameters of science under the current philosophy of science. I made no attempt to prove that God could be empirically (objectively) found to exist by an examination of the non-material world.

I do though believe that Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity, which for the first time allows science to delve into the non-material world, does indeed prove the existence of God. That proof is beyond the limits of this forum and I could do no better explaining it than it has already been very well explained here in the Islamic World website. Please visit the following web address to see a brief but sufficient scientific proof of God's existence from the non-physical world, and for a more complete presentation of that proof please view the video lecture on the subject that goes far beyond the brief written proof (available at that same web address).

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Khalifah Knowledge: Allah’s Greatness Part 3

Allah’s Greatness Part 2 (2 March, 2006)’s Greatness Part 2 (2 March, 2006) In previous messages I have told how we can get some idea of the inconceivable greatness of Allah when we look at the large scale, the magnitude of His physical universe, and on the small scale we can see Allah’s greatness the uncountable number of tiny particles of matter that make up His physical creation. Today I want to discuss the unimaginable greatness of Allah from understanding that behind even the most common of everyday experiences are processes so profoundly convoluted that they must be considered as miraculous.We have all had the experience of hearing a teacher tell us some new fact which we then remember accurately in our future. For example many of you who read this will not speak Spanish and so you will not know the Spanish word for cat is ‘gato’. In this case you learned the Spanish word for cat by seeing the written word. If instead you had heard me say the Spanish word for cat is ‘gato’ you would say you learned by having heard me say the word. Either way, these are simple processes which we are all very familiar with and seem to be quite simple to understand.

Let us take the case where you learn the Spanish word for cat by hearing me say ‘gato’. If asked you would probably say that you heard me say the word which came from my lips and was carried to your ear by sound waves. Let us look deeply at the full and true process which is taking place in this example of learning a new word.

This specific process began many years ago when I first learned the Spanish word for cat. That word ‘gato’ was stored in my consciousness which is actually non-physical in its nature, it is not really in the physical structure of my brain. Information is stored and exchanged by the dynamic patters of energy (light) that is transmitted between the neurons (nerves) of the brain. It is important to understand that physical matter does not store information, it is the patterns of energy interacting with matter that actually store information. Sorry to get so technical, but this knowledge is crucial to understanding how Allah helps us to learn.

The Spanish word ‘gato’ was stored in my consciousness as a pattern of light energy interacting with the neurons of my brain. When I wanted to teach you the word ‘gato’ I first had to search and find it within the millions or billions of bits of information stored in my consciousness. After finding that the pattern of light energy which stores the word ‘gato’ I then sent a copy of that particular pattern of light energy through the neurones in my brain down along nerve paths leading to the vocal cords in my throat. That unique pattern of light energy which represents the word ‘gato’ is exchanged from the sub-atomic particles (mainly electrons) of one atom to the sub-atomic particles of the next atom all along the nerve paths from my brain to my vocal cords. Remember how small we discussed the subatomic particles are? There would be at least many trillion (1,000,000,000,000) exchanges of light energy from the nerves in my brain to the nerves operating the muscles of my vocal cords. Each one of those innumerable exchanges of light energy was carrying the full information that the Spanish word for cat is ‘gato’.

Once those unique patterns of light energy representing the word ‘gato’ reach my vocal cords the light energy tells the vocal cords to vibrate at a certain unique frequency that when the molecules of air that are contacted by the vibrating vocal cords light energy is passed to sub-atomic particles making up those air molecules communicating the Spanish word for cat. The air molecules now bump up against other air molecules in my mouth passing on the unique pattern of light energy to each one which represents the word ‘gato’. Those air molecules go out from my mouth to every air molecule in the room passing on the light energy of the word ‘gato’ to each and every air molecule in the room. Using the chemical concept of the ‘mole’ we know that each mole of air has a number of atoms equally about 6 to the 23rd power (6 followed by 22 zeros, 600,000,000,000,000,000,000,000); and a large room would probably contain at least several thousand ‘mols’ of air.

Some small number of all those air molecules in the room will enter each person’s ear and bump up against their tympanic membrane (eardrum). When those air molecules bump against the eardrum each molecule passes some light energy containing the information that the Spanish word for cat is ‘gato’ to the eardrum. That light energy will cause the eardrum to vibrate at a certain unique frequency representing the word ‘gato’. The vibrating eardrum now bumps into the first of the three tiny bones of the middle ear, the hammer, the anvil, and the stirrup. The eardrum passes the unique light energy representing the word ‘gato’ to the hammer, which passes that same energy to the anvil, which passes that energy to the stirrup which then bumps up against the outside of the inner ear, called the cochlea. The bone called the stirrup, by bumping up against the small thin membrane on the oval window of the cochlea, passes the light energy of the word ‘gato’ to the inner ear. The inner ear is very complex but somewhat simplified we could say that the cochlea is filled with sodium crystals so tiny they look and act like a liquid and the vibrating ‘window’ to the cochlea passes the light energy to every crystal inside the cochlea and from the walls of the cochlea there are protruding tiny black hairlike objects which are actually the individual neurons of the auditory nerve. The vibrating sodium crystals bump up against these ends of the auditory nerve and pass the light energy of the word ‘gato’ to the auditory nerve.

The unique messages of light energy for the word ‘gato’ are passed from sub-atomic particles of each atom along the auditory nerve all the way to the brain stem, and from there through various stations along the brain center up to the cortex where the speech and sound centers reside and are finally decoded by altering the energy levels of sub-atomic particles (mainly electrons) of certain atoms in that area of the brain thereby storing the Spanish word for cat, gato’ in your consciousness so that you will likely remember it in the future and be able retrieve it from memory whenever you desire. The total number of events which must take place for you to only learn that one word, events (exchanges of light energy from one sub-atomic particle to another), while impossible to count accurately, is once again huge beyond our ability to comprehend but would probably be something close to 10 to the 50th power or more. That is about 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 individual events of energy exchanges communication the Spanish word for cat from one tiny particle of matter to another to get from my consciousness to your consciousness.

That is the story, still greatly simplified, of how knowledge of some fact gets from the consciousness of one person into the consciousness of another person. This is how learning takes place. This is a process that we go through virtually instantaneously many times every day without even thinking about it, and without acknowledging the magnificent miracle from Allah that makes this remarkable experience so easily able to take place.

I say to you my dear Muslim brothers and sisters; doesn’t it astound you to know the details of how Allah operates to enable us to be thinking human beings capable of acting as His Khalifah and doing our part to ensure that Allah’s Plan for His physical creation is completed according to His Will? In virtually every aspect of our lives, behind the seeming simplicity of our actions lie miracles of such a grand nature that they become beyond our ability to comprehend. Oh Allah, your Greatness is beyond our limited human understanding, we humbly thank you for allowing us even a tiny glimpse of your infinite powers. Allahu Akbar!

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Aphorism: Materialism

The view that there is no purpose, no life, and no spirituality in matter; that nature works according to mechanical laws, and everything in the material world could be explained in terms of the arrangement and movement of its parts.

-from The Unified Theory of Existence Vol. 1

More on the demise of materialism:

Modern Science Finds God

Intelligent Design

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